Antipsychotic, also known as neuroleptics or major tranquilizers, are a group of medications that are routinely prescribed to treat people with schizophrenia. These medications can help some people with psychosis and mood disorders; however, these drugs can have serious side-effects.

Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a non-curable movement disorder that causes various repetitive muscle movements in the face, neck, arms and legs such as:

  • Jerking hand and legs
  • Neck twisting
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Eye-blinking & grimacing
  • Lip smacking & involuntary tongue movements


The most common anti-psychotic medications that have been shown to cause tardive dyskinesia are:

  • Chlorpromazine
  • Fluphenazine
  • Haloperidol
  • Perphenazine
  • Prochlorperazine
  • Thioridazine
  • Trifluoperazine
  • Metoclopramide
  • Amitriptyline
  • Fluoxetine
  • Phenelzine
  • Sertraline
  • Trazodone
  • Levodopa
  • Phenytoin







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